What is a Primary Survey

The Primary Survey is the initial patient assessment, intended to rapidly and systematically identify and treat any immediately life-threatening problems. It follows the ABC format familiar from other courses, but extends this into more detail. Assessment and treatment proceed simultaneously – as a problem is identified,appropriate action should be taken before moving on ...

What is a Mental Health

Concepts of mental health include subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence and recognition of the ability to realize one’s intellectual and emotional potential. It has also been defined as a state of well-being whereby individuals recognize their abilities, are able to cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively and fruitfully, ...

14 February 2010

First aid on Fractures

As I promised earlier while writing tips. In this article, I wrote tips on how to help someone who had broken bones. You can read about some important things when giving aid. People who fracture should be immediately taken to hospitals, health centers, clinics, doctors, specialist’s broken bone or other health centers in order to be given intensive treatment for a broken bone can gradually recover. So, you must be careful when giving aid.
  • Closed fracture
Closed fracture is a broken bone in cases where broken bones do not hurt / ripped flesh and skin that is nearby. These fractures can be open if the fracture is more severe and piercing the flesh / skin that causes injury.
  1. Lay the victim. Recommend that not too many moves.
  2. Buffer pairs immediately to the affected part so as not to aggravate the injury by using spalk / splint, cane, wood, fiber broom, and other strong and light strongly tied or bandaged but not a bond or a bandage on the affected part.
  • Open fracture
Open fracture is a fracture cases where broken bones to make meat and the skin around the broken bone to tear injured. These fractures have to be really vigilant. Risk of infection due to injury and also we can catch the disease from those who bleed if not careful.
  1. Lay the victim. Recommend that not too many moves.
  2. If the blood is still flowing to stop the bleeding by pressing and binding the wound with a clean cloth.
  3. Buffer pairs immediately to broken bones broken bones broken do not get better by using spalk / splint, cane, wood, fiber broom, antenna mast, etc. and a strong light tied or wrapped with a strong but did not make bond or a bandage on a broken or injury.
  • Spinal fracture
Under conditions vertebral fractures or spinal cord of the patient will feel pain in the back or neck. If so it will not cause a lot of movement on the victims in order not to damage the spinal cord that can cause permanent paralysis. We recommend that you wait for an ambulance or medical personnel to treat the victims suffered more.

  1. Do not make the patient a lot of moving. Move, lifted his head, standing, sitting, etc... If the victim is not pressing vertebral fractures should not be moved from their place and keep his head straight up.
  2. Warm the vertebral fracture patients in a blanket.
  3. Use a litter with strong and hard materials such as boards, tables, etc. at least two people to lift the victim to be stable.
READ MORE - First aid on Fractures

11 February 2010

Basic First Aid Tips

Emergency response is very important to us, at least we know the basics to help. When you have a small accident at work, home, or on vacation with your family, what are you doing? If you read the basic first aid tips below, you will know what you should do for yourself or someone else.
Diarrhea – Try Kaopectate or Immodium—follow directions on label. Stay on liquid diet until condition improves. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (avoid fried foods, fats and roughage) over the next 24 hours, and then go back to normal diet.
Rash/Poison Ivy - Wash area with antibacterial soap. Try not to scratch. Apply antihistamine cream or hydrocortisone cream to rash. Wash hands after applying. Take Benedryl by mouth to relieve itching. If not improved in 24 hours, seek referral for medical treatment.
Burns - Treat minor burns with cool water or cool compress. If there is blistering, seek referral for evaluation of injury. Antiseptic sprays containing Benzocaine may provide temporary relief. For large burns, go to emergency facility.
Bug Bites/Stings - Apply ice immediately. Remove stinger if visible. Apply antihistamine cream to site. Take 25 mg Benedryl by mouth. Elevate if sting is on leg or arm. Go to emergency facility for breathing difficulty or extreme swelling.
Bleeding - Apply direct pressure with towel or gauze until bleeding is stopped. Clean minor cuts with Hydrogen Peroxide. Apply antibiotic ointment and band-aid.
Sprains - Apply ice immediately to swelling, and off and on for next 48 hours. Seek referral for evaluation of injury. Ibuprofen may relieve pain and inflammation. Elevate extremities where swelling is present. Compression with elastic bandage may be helpful.
Colds/Congestion/Sore Throat – Increase cold fluid consumption. Take decongestant product for congestion according to label. Use throat lozenges if needed according to directions on label. Take Tylenol for headache, fever, or pain. Seek medical referral if symptoms do not improve in 48-72 hours or if fever over 102 degrees F, stiff neck or repeated vomiting occur.
Vomiting – Take small sips of ginger ale, weak tea, Sprite, or ice chips every 5-10 minutes. Emetrol liquid may ease nausea—take as directed on label. Once liquids are tolerated without vomiting, try crackers, toast, bananas, applesauce, rice or clear soups for the next 24 hours. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (no fried foods, fatty foods or roughage) and then back to a normal diet. If vomiting is persistent or accompanied by a fever over 102 degrees F or stiff neck, go to emergency room.

 The next tips 'first aid on fractures!!'
READ MORE - Basic First Aid Tips

07 February 2010

Google adsense has ended (for me)

Google adsense has ended (for me)!! Yes it's true if you just rely on Google adsense programs or PPC for blog/website to make money. If your website traffic or visitors to your blog very high and the intensity of your ad click a lot, then you are very lucky. But if the blog has a low traffic as my blog, what do you do? 'Freelance online' is the right solution for you if you have the ability or at least you can write with good grammar. I guarantee that your income will increase. Even, you do not have to have a blog / website for it. Just sign in and create your quote for a job. You will be paid $ 50-1000 if you work online. And you will be paid immediately after completing the work they provide. If you are patient, like challenges in a job and have the ability to design, write articles, html, code it easy for you to earn $ 1000 per month. But you do not be afraid! Among many companies that provide online job with certain conditions, you still can make money quickly. The company is also offering a very easy job for you. If you are a blogger, certainly in seconds you've finished it. But is a low paid. Ease of a job will affect the price given. So, you don't believe an easy job with great pay. Otherwise, you do not give a high price for a job you are going to do. Were little tips for you? Easy, to make money now. You no longer bother to look for traffic visitors on your blog, write articles for your blog. Look at this blog, blogs containing health articles, mental, emergency, traffic is only 10 visitors / day but still make money and I am still grateful. You also, try and pray are the best thing. I hope you have better luck
READ MORE - Google adsense has ended (for me)

01 February 2010

how to know hyperactivity disorder

Whether your child has difficulty in fully focused on something, hyperactivity (activity cannot be controlled like running, do not sit still, shouting, lots of talking), or impulsive behavior (not to delay responses). Beware! Your child may have ADHD (Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder) are often also called hyperactivity disorder.
The third additions to the above symptoms, to be given a diagnosis of hyperactivity are still a few other conditions. Disruption the already settled at least 6 months, and occurred before the 7-year-old. These symptoms appear in at least 2 situations, such as at home and at school.
Problems commonly experienced by children hyperactive:

  • In school

Found that, many hyperactive children have difficulty reading, writing, language, and mathematics. Especially for writing, hyperactive children have fine motor skills that are generally not as good as regular kid. Children are not able to follow the lessons delivered by teachers well. Easily disturbed concentration makes the child cannot absorb the lesson material as a whole.

  • At home

Compared with other children, hyperactive children are more susceptible to anxiety and despair. In addition, he easily had psychosomatic disorders (health problems caused by psychological factors) such as headaches and abdominal pain. This is related to the low tolerance for frustration, so when experiencing disappointment, he was easy emotionally. In addition hyperactive children tend to be stubborn and easily angered when his wish was not immediately fulfilled. Constraint makes children less able to adjust to the environment. The children are considered naughty and often experience rejection from family and friends. Because often creates resentment, parents often treat children as less warm. Parents control the child and many, management oversight, much criticized, and even punishment. Children refuse and rebel reaction. The result is a tension between parents and children. The children and parents become stressed, and the situation becomes less comfortable at home. As a result children become more easily frustrated. Failure socialize everywhere foster a negative self concept. The children will feel that they are bad, always failing, inadequate, and rejected.

  • Problems talking

Hyperactive child usually likes to talk. He's a lot of talk, but actually less efficient in communicating. Concentration disturbance makes him difficult to perform mutual communication. Hyperactive child tends to busy with them and less able to respond to the other person exactly.

  • Physical problems

In general, hyperactive children have high levels of physical health is not as good as other kids. Some disorders such as asthma, allergies, and throat infections are common. During sleep are also not as quiet as other children. Many hyperactive children are difficult to sleep and frequent waking at night. In addition, the high level of physical activity children are also at high risk for accidents such as falls sprains, and so on.

Here are the factors that cause hyperactivity in children:

  • Neurologic factors

The incidence of higher hyperactivity found in children born with prenatal problems such as length of labor, fetal distress, delivery by forceps extraction, or toxemia gravidarum eklampsia compared to normal pregnancy and childbirth. In addition, factors such as babies born with low weight, mothers who are too young, mothers who smoked and drank alcohol also raises the incidence hyperactive
The occurrence of slow brain development. Etiologic factor in neurologic hitherto prevalent for many is the dysfunction of one neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine. Dopamine is an active substance that is useful to maintain the concentration
Some studies indicate the occurrence of disturbances of blood perfusion in certain areas in hyperactive children, namely in the striatum, the orbital-prefrontal regions, the orbital-limbic regions of the brain, especially the right hand side.

  • Toxic factor

Some food substances such as salicylates and preservatives have the potential to form a hyperactive behavior in children. In addition, levels of lead (lead) in blood serum increased children, mothers who smoke and consume alcohol, exposed to X-rays during pregnancy can also give birth candidate hyperactive children.

  • Genetic factors

Obtained a high correlation of hyperactivity that occurs in families with hyperactive children. Approximately 25-35% of the parents and relatives of childhood hyperactivity in children will decrease. This is also seen in twins.

  • Psychosocial and environmental factors

in hyperactive children are often found in relationships that are considered wrong between parents with children.

Here are some ways that can be done by parents to educate and guide their children are classified as hyperactive

Parents need to increase knowledge about the hyperactivity disorder:
  • Know your child's strengths and talents
  • Helping children in social
  • Using the techniques of behavior management, such as using positive reinforcement (such as giving praise when children eat in order), provide consistent discipline, and always monitor children's behavior
  • Provide adequate space for children activities to channel the excess energy
  • Accepting the limitations children
  • Generating a child's confidence
  • And working together with teachers in schools so that teachers understand the actual condition of the child
To be a concern for parents that know the behavior of children from an early age is the process of loving them, you are a parent who is responsible for their children.
READ MORE - how to know hyperactivity disorder


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