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11 February 2010

Basic First Aid Tips

Emergency response is very important to us, at least we know the basics to help. When you have a small accident at work, home, or on vacation with your family, what are you doing? If you read the basic first aid tips below, you will know what you should do for yourself or someone else.
Diarrhea – Try Kaopectate or Immodium—follow directions on label. Stay on liquid diet until condition improves. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (avoid fried foods, fats and roughage) over the next 24 hours, and then go back to normal diet.
Rash/Poison Ivy - Wash area with antibacterial soap. Try not to scratch. Apply antihistamine cream or hydrocortisone cream to rash. Wash hands after applying. Take Benedryl by mouth to relieve itching. If not improved in 24 hours, seek referral for medical treatment.
Burns - Treat minor burns with cool water or cool compress. If there is blistering, seek referral for evaluation of injury. Antiseptic sprays containing Benzocaine may provide temporary relief. For large burns, go to emergency facility.
Bug Bites/Stings - Apply ice immediately. Remove stinger if visible. Apply antihistamine cream to site. Take 25 mg Benedryl by mouth. Elevate if sting is on leg or arm. Go to emergency facility for breathing difficulty or extreme swelling.
Bleeding - Apply direct pressure with towel or gauze until bleeding is stopped. Clean minor cuts with Hydrogen Peroxide. Apply antibiotic ointment and band-aid.
Sprains - Apply ice immediately to swelling, and off and on for next 48 hours. Seek referral for evaluation of injury. Ibuprofen may relieve pain and inflammation. Elevate extremities where swelling is present. Compression with elastic bandage may be helpful.
Colds/Congestion/Sore Throat – Increase cold fluid consumption. Take decongestant product for congestion according to label. Use throat lozenges if needed according to directions on label. Take Tylenol for headache, fever, or pain. Seek medical referral if symptoms do not improve in 48-72 hours or if fever over 102 degrees F, stiff neck or repeated vomiting occur.
Vomiting – Take small sips of ginger ale, weak tea, Sprite, or ice chips every 5-10 minutes. Emetrol liquid may ease nausea—take as directed on label. Once liquids are tolerated without vomiting, try crackers, toast, bananas, applesauce, rice or clear soups for the next 24 hours. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (no fried foods, fatty foods or roughage) and then back to a normal diet. If vomiting is persistent or accompanied by a fever over 102 degrees F or stiff neck, go to emergency room.

 The next tips 'first aid on fractures!!'

3 comments:

medic on February 12, 2010 at 9:58 AM said...

Great post! These are simple first aid tips are very beneficial for everyone especially those who are in a non-medical field. :)

DiggiNews | Current Health News on February 12, 2010 at 3:07 PM said...

nice post...are u a nurse?

Yogi Doank on February 13, 2010 at 12:37 AM said...

thanks for comment..i hope u like it..


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